lnaugurating the Two-day lnternational Conference on Spirituality
and Skill for Leadership and Sustainable Management organized by
the School of Management Sciences (SMS), Varanasi, and supported
by California State University (USA), Claflin University (USA),
East UP Exporters’ Association (EUPEA) and the Quality Circles
Forum of lndia (QCFI) apart from the Varanasi Management Association
(VMA), the icon_2017_2Chief Guest Padmshree Dr. J. S. Rajput (Former
Director, NCERT) said that the Best management is managing self
and hence teaching others to manage their selves. We should talk
to ourselves and compete with ourselves day-by-day as to find the
development in ourselves. Character building is of utmost importance
that will build our country lndia, he added. He also said that management
is integrative discipline. Through enormous examples from his life
experiences, he tried to explain the virtues of life to the august
gathering. Citing the example of japan, he said that the country
could rise out of ashes only due to education.
Every child is taught there how to add-on to nation building that
has resulted in best outputs of quality in that country. Even we
can bring change through ‘spiritual’ education, he opined.
his presidential address, Prof. G. N. Samten, VC, Central University
of Tibetan Studies -Sarnath said that spirituality bring the virtues
within ourselves through conviction and restrain from negative mental
elements that eventually get suLfiued and eradicated. The best management
is training of mind, he added, as neuroscienqe has proved managing
minds is very important.
distinguished Guests also spoke on the occasion. Dr. DS Chauhan
(DGM, BIRD NABARD, Lucknow) said that today there is a lot of chaos
and disarray in society and values-based management helps us a lot.
Prof. Pradyot Kumar Mukhopadhyay (Former Head, Philosophy Department,
Jadavpur University) in his address to the audience said that there
has been radical change in the concept of business, not only profit
but new mantra is having ‘a human face’. He talked about
developing civil scientific literacy as a part of the Human Development
lndex concept. Dr. Vikram Singh (Pro Chancellor, Noida lnternational
University and former DGP-UP) said without spirituality there can
be no management.
Earlier, the Conference Director Prof. P. N. Jha (Director SMS
Varanasi) welcomed the visiting dignitaries from lndia and abroad
in his formal welcome address. Later the Guests and the Chief Guest
were felicitated by the Conference Director and the Executive Secretary
SMS Society, Dr. M. P. Singh. On this occasion, the Conference Souvenir
was released along with the latest issues of the newsletter ‘SMS
News’ and all the four lnternationally indexed journals published
by SMS Varanasi – Managemgnt lnsight, Purushartha, Computing
Trendz and SMS Journal of Entrepreneurship and lnnovation.
The lnaugural programme was conducted by Dr. (Mrs.) Pallavi Pathak
(Asst. Professor SMS) while the Vote-of-thanks and the Conference
themes was presented by the Convener Prof. Sandeep Singh.
In first plenary session on day 1st Prof. Rana P. B. Singh, Dept.
of Geography, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University who
is also Vice-President- ACLA, Asian Cultural Landscape Association
discussed about Kashi & it’s Cosmos: Scenario of Sacred
– Spiritual Landscape. He explained the scientific positioning
of Kashi and its spiritual importance. Two technical sessions took
place after first plenary session.
On Day two 2nd Plenary session took place in the noble presence
of six speakers from different areas. Mr. Anand Vardhan Sales Consultant
& Facilitator, Mumbai explained the utility of Spirituality
in sales job. He explained satva, rajas and tamas gunas and their
utility in enhancing effectiveness of sales performance. He highlighted
the importance of Karma and suggested participants to put their
best efforts without being in lust of results. He clarified that
results will automatically come in the process of Karma.
Another speaker Swami Varishthananda from Ramakrishna Mission,
Varanasi discussed the importance of Self-Management. He suggested
four ladders of Self-Management. These are having faith in self,
efforts to raise self-consciousness, ensuring balanced lifestyle
and cultivate love and unselfishness.
Acharya Raganugananda Avadhoot from Anand Marg Pracharak Sangh
focused upon three parts of the human body. These are Physical,
psychological and Spiritual. He focused on importance of yoga and
its utility in maintaining the balance in human life. During discussion
he proved the biological effect of spiritual practices and yoga.
icon 2017 day 2
Next speaker Mr. Bosco D’Mello, Chief Executive, Conscious
Development, USA emphasized on maintenance of balance between heart
and mind. He suggested that a leader should be out of dilemma and
expected to take quick decisions. He also said that there are varieties
of leadership styles but none applies in all the situations. Therefor
leader need to be flexible and should adopt balanced leadership
to be successful in long run.
bhaswati icon 2017Dr. Bhaswati Bhattacharya, Faculty of Ayurveda,
IMS, BHU discussed the importance of Ayurveda in our daily life.
She also highlighted the utility of Ayurveda in spiritual upliftment.
Ms. H. Lucy Guest, associated with International Chandramauli Charitable
Trust,lucy 2017 earlier associated with Morgan Stanley and Goldman
Sachs, discussed the importance of Ashtanga Yoga which includes
Yam, Niyam, Asan, Pranayam, Pratyahar, Dharna, Dhyan, Samadhi. She
suggested to have awareness of breath which will help in controlling
thoughts and mind. She said that ultimately all the journeys of
success ends in Spirituality which leads to true happiness.
On second day last session was Valedictory Function. Two eminent
guests in the session were Rt. Rev. Eugene Joseph, Hon’ble
Bishop, Diocese of Varanasi and Prof. Pramod Pathak, Head-Management
Science, IIT-ISM. Chief guest Eugene Joseph said that we are living
in turmoil and spirituality is only answer of this situation. He
emphasized on the role of spirituality in leadership and highlighted
the qualities of a leader. Leader should have self-esteem, humility,
interpersonal skills, empathy, integrity, attention, focus and inner
conviction. These traits lead to self-mastery. He also said that
leadership is not a position but process to create unity and wholeness.
Guest of Honour, Prof. Pathak stated that crux of spirituality is
giving back to society happily what an individual takes from society.
Further he emphasized that duty has to be performed with Nishkam
In the two day conference more than 260 participants across India
participated and above 150 research papers were presented by scholars
from different parts of India in eight technical sessions. Dr. Balakrishnan
Shankar, Associate Dean, Amrita University; Dr. Purnima Awasthi,
Associate Professor, Dept. of Psychology, BHU; Dr. V. Chandrasekar,
Vivekananda College, Chennai; Prof. Alicia Hennig, Harbin Institute
of Technology, Shenzhen Graduate School, People’s Republic
of China; Dr. Ravindra U. Shenoy, Manipal University; Mr. M.R. Das,
DGM HR Indian Oil, Kolkata and Dr. Dinesh Kumar, Chief Manager (HRM)
Bank of Baroda were session chair in different technical sessions.
Sessions were conducted by faculty members of SMS Varanasi including
Dr. Pallavi Pathak, Mr. Shubhagata Roy, Mr. Irfan Ahmed Khan, Dr.
Anupam Shukla, Mr. Rohit Mehta and Dr. Medha Srivastava.
The three day International Conference on "Leadership
and Management through Spiritual Wisdom" started on
Friday on a spiritual note at the Khushipur campus of School of
Management Sciences (SMS), Varanasi. The Conference was inaugurated
by Padmshri Prof. Geshe N Samten (Vice Chancellor-Central
University of Tibetan Studies) who emphasised on the training
of minds in our educational system which could ignite the core element
of having transformation within ourselves. He said that entire source
of management comes from innerselves and our educational system
should focus on social and emotional learning so as to achieve spirituality.
The programme started with Vedic Chanting by specialised
scholars followed by a skit by the Ganga Action Pariwar
on the conference theme depicting how the materialism has spoiled
our basic necessities of life over the different eras. Prof.
Luqman Khan (Vice Chancellor-Mohd. Ali Jauhar University)
talked about the necessity of having ecological balance while Prof.
B. P. Singh (Former Prof.-Delhi School of Economics) emphasised
on having spirituality as a part of curriculum. He further said
that elevated soul is the best capital of human society. Later he
talked about "Managing from Left, Leading from Right and Connecting
through Top" in one of the plenary sessions. He also added
that leadership should have a magnetic force to create followership.
Mr. Pragyan Mishra (Retd. IAS ) opined about connecting
preaching and practicing to obtain the spiritual path. Swami
Chidanand Saraswati (Parmarth Niketan, Rishikesh) started
his discourses focussing on the pathetic condition of our ganges.
He said Ganga is on Dialysis and we are busy in Dialogues. He said
we love the creater but forget the creation. Spirituality is not
a weekend business, we have to start with selves. Life is to 'be'
more, not 'have' more. He asked the modern society to link internet
to innernet. Be the change and don't wait for anyone else, was his
RenownedFilm Director, Producer and Writer,
Mr. Mahesh Bhatt said that Spirituality is essential fuel
of life. The ecological disaster is because of arrogance of man.
He cited several examples from his professional life to illustrate
the above fact.
another session Swami B.A. Paramadvaiti, USA also
expressed his views about Spiritualism and its connectivity with
leadership. More than 300 delegates were present on the first day
of the three day long event. International delegates have come from
the USA, Australia, England, Hong Kong, China, Slovenia,
Cambodia, Mauritius, Botswana, Oman, Morocco, Sweden, Spain and
Brazil. The Indian delegates have arrived at SMS Campus
from far away places like Delhi, Pune, Kolkata, Coimbatore,
Hyderabad, Warangal, Chennai, Ludhiana, Pathankot, Kochi, Patna,
Mumbai, Nashik, Dharwad, Thanjavur, Bhabaneshwar, Guntur, Ranchi,
Chitrakoot, Jaipur, Kashmir etc. The entire three day event
has been divided into seven plenary and seven technical sessions
spread over the three days.
Earlier the Conference Director and the Director of SMS Varanasi,
Prof. P. N. Jha welcomed the dignitaries and delegates
to SMS Varanasi. In his welcome address, he presented a briefing
about the strides which the Institution has made in the recent past
to emerge as one of the frontline B-Schools of the country. Discussing
the framework of this International Conference, he said that it
is an extension of the decadal journey of our Spiritual Centre,
whose objective is creation of dyadic relationship between spiritual
paradigm and managerial tenets. However, the practice of the proposed
model necessarily requires the inculcation of a sense of abnegation
within the practitioners. Later on the latest issues of all
the three journals of SMS( Management Insight, Purushartha, Computing
Trendz ) were released by the dignitaries alongwith the
conference proceedings book and the Souvenir.
The organizing secretary Mr. Sandeep Singh (Associate Prof.)
gave the theme presentation and the Vote of Thanks. The
inaugural session was coordinated by Dr. Meenakshi Singh.
The Director, SMS Varanasi, Prof. P. N. Jha felicitated
the Chief Guest and other Guests of Honour by presenting a shawl
spiritual tour of Varanasi is also on the Conference schedule. A
souvenir has also been published covering more than 200 paper abstracts
which are being presented in the Conference. Corporate bodies and
financial institutions like Union Bank of India, Kashi Gomti
Samyut Gramin Bank, Galaxy Hospitals, Career Launcher, IMS Learning
Resources, Ganga Saran & Grandsons, Prentice Hall of India and
Souvenier De Banaras were the sponsors of the events.
On the second day of the three day International
Conference on "Leadership and Management through Spiritual Wisdom"
at the Khushipur campus of School of Management Sciences (SMS),
Varanasi, Swami Chidanand(Krinshnamurthy
Foundation) talked about Spiritual perspectives of Leadership.
He said from the material goal at the start of life we slowly move
on to inner growth and later to Spirituality. He also talked about
the transformational, transactional, charismatic and leader without
authority. Quoting the ancient indian texts, he brought to notice
the fact that our country is accomodative of all religions and practices
of the world. For a leader, the needed qualities are ambition, energy,
intelligence, self confidence, honesty, integrity and job relevant
knowledge. He said we should stop destructive anger. We should learn
to delay gratification, not deny it.
Roberto Bilaslavo (Vice Rector, University of Primorska,
Slovenia) opined on Wisdom and Leadership and said that
both leadership and management need wisdom. He discussed various
levels of leadership like public, personal and private. According
to him, to act to bring a common good to all of us is wisdom. He
also discussed a wisdom development model for transformational leadership
which works in four domains - cognitive, conative, moral and affective.
He also said we should learn wisdom by reflection, by imitation
and by experience. Mr.
Gupta (GM & Head -Corporate Affairs, TCG Lifesicences India) talked
about transforming business to perform in 21st century while Prof.
Graham Ward (Coaching Practice Director, INSEAD Global Leadership
Centre, UK) discussed the pathways to transformation. In
yet another session, Prof. Paul Forster (Hongkong University)
discussed why should MBAs meditate. Prof. Firdos T. Shroff
(Pune University) highlighted the ways in which we can
kindle the spark within ourselves through calm mind, active body
and alert intellect. He said that leadership is from within, while
management is from outside. Swami Shashankananda (Ram Krishna
Mission Ashram, Ranchi) elaborated on the necessity to
spiritualise the society while Shri Shri Shudhanand Brahmachari
(Founder - LD Life Misison and Stress Management Academy)
said that it is a leadership lost decade. Good human beings are
in great scarcity and there exists global leadership crisis. It
is all because of lack of emotional quotient and lack of self awareness.
Mindful leadership is the need of the hour. Self management preceeds
Shri Rakesh K. Mittal (IAS) talked about positive
thinking for excellence for which we need integrity, knowledge,
trust, accessibility, compassion, fearlessness, patience and acceptance.
B. K. Usha (Brahm Kumaris World Spiritual University, Mount
Abu) discussed various dimensions related to knowledge,
wisdom, leadership, spirituality and management in the other sessions.
Prof. A. S. Islahi (AMU) threw light on traits
of leaders and insight of spiritual epics of different religions.
The technical sessions comprising of the paper presentations were
also held simultaneously throughout the day. The Director, SMS Varanasi,
Prof. P. N. Jha felicitated the dignitaries by
presenting a shawl and memento.
On the final day, Prof. Lotta Dellve (KTH Royal Institute
of Technology, Sweden) discussed at length the leadership
issues in health care organisations with special reference to those
existing in Sweden. In her presentation on "Caring for the Carers",
she highlighted the need for value based leadership. She also brought
forward a work engagement model and discussed the implications of
corporate social responsibility in the health care sector.
Father Eugene Joseph (Diocese of Varanasi Education Society)
aired his views on transformational leaders for human well
being. The transformation shift should encompass responsible autonomy,
authenticity, humility and professional will and emotional intelligence,
he added. For achieving it he hinted at convergence of spiritual
wisdom. He also talked about the spiritual wisdom of the holy Bible
which suggests strength of self mastery, action and relationship.
According to him, organisations should be interdependent, interactive
inclusive. He also said only spiritually awakened leadership can
transform the society and there is a compelling urgency for the
Nithya Turyanand discussed the four gems in Vedic Sutras
for life management which are Integrity, Authenticity, Responsibility
Swami Manavtavadi (Head, Manavtavadi Vishwa Sansthan)
shared the deep rooted ancient Indian Spiritual Concepts and shared
the efforts made by Manavtavadi Vishwa Sansthan in the recent past.
After this, a series of paper presentations by students and research
scholars added value on the final day. In the Valedictory
Session, the guests present were Prof. Yugal Kishore
Mishra (Ex. Vice Chancellor, Rajasthan Sanskrit University and currently
HOD of Vedic Studies, Sampurnanand Sanskrit University, Varanasi),
Shri L. B. Rai (Chief Personnel Officer, DLW Varanasi) and Maureen
Chen (Future of Power, Australia).
The awards and certificates apart from the honours to the visiting
guests were presented by the Director, Prof. P. N. Jha.
Mr. Sandeep Singh, Associate Professor & Coordinator
of Centre for Spiritualism, SMS Varanasi presented the
vote of thanks.
The three day International Conference on "Spiritual
Paradigm for surmounting Global Management Crisis" started
on Friday on a spiritual note at the Khushipur campus of School
of Management Sciences. The Conference was inaugurated by Dr.
S. A. Dave, Chairman-CMIE and former chairman-SEBI
& UTI. Other Guests of Honour who were present amidst high profile
dignitaries in the inaugural session included
Prof. M. J. Xavier, Director-IIM Ranchi, Dr. Henry N. Tisdale, President
Claflin University, USA, besides Prof. K. D. Tripathi, Hony. Director
of the Centre for Spiritualism & Human Enrichment (C-SHE)
of SMS Varanasi.
Delegates from the two 'conference-associate' American Universities,
Claflin University, South Carolina,
Columbia (USA) and California State University, San Bernardino,
California (USA)were also present.
More than five hundred delegates were present on the first day of
the three day long event. International delegates have come from
France, Russia, Spain, USA, UAE, Hong
Kong, Bangladesh, Turkey and Hungary.
the Conference, Dr. Dave
said "It is my great pleasure to have been associated with this
unusual Conference, unusual because prima facie it seems contradictory
what world of money and management of money has to do with spiritualism
at it is commonly understood. Marx predicted doom of the capitalist
society because of inherent conflict it had with the interest of
workers. A blind or excessive drive towards profits at the cost
of workers invites the fall of the system. Capitalism was too materialistic
system interested only in returns on capital of those who owned
it. There was no place for spiritualism in working of such a system.
Today, profit is considered a necessity of the organization, but
the maximization of profits is no more the sole aim. Societal and
environmental concerns have started appearing in the Corporate Vision
statements in an increasing way. All these developments have something
to do with spiritual transformation of the system. Bringing about
radical changes in the attitude is a gradual process and I am happy
that SMS and their collaborators in US think that it is possible,
achievable and worthwhile disseminating this message to the larger
audience. I compliment the sponsors for the bold theme of the Conference
and wish that these subjects are discussed and become part of teaching
in all the business schools of the world, under whatever nomenclature
they prefer to use. And hopefully, they become an integral part
of practice in the corporate world".
He also requested to all that let spiritualism enter management,
in a disguised form if need be, without even being called spiritualism.
One comes across several managers, both in east and west, who are
highly spiritual in their conduct and work and display extraordinary
concern toward their colleagues and customers. It would seem, as
if spiritualism and materialism is working hand in hand. The problem
before the conference is how to multiply the members of this group,
or enhance the spiritual content of their lives and work, he added.
Prof. M. J. Xavier
in his address opined that instead of being aggressive, we should
be humble. We should not have greed, we should not compete and compare,
instead we should have and believe in harmonious coexistence. Instead
of having goal orientation, we should have role orientation. In
management education we learn about destroying competition through
creation of competitive advantage but on the other side we also
say don't compete - it is here that another paradigm needs to be
developed and hopefully this international conference would help
in doing the same. He also asserted to develop intellect and intuition
Dr. Tisdale highlighted
the tripple bottom line approach which Claflin University is following.
It includes value maximisation through business ethics and sustainability,
visionary leadership and selfless service. He said we should trained
the mind to think, hand to execute and soul to feel. Former Professor
of Delhi School of Economics, Dr.
B. P. Singh talked about global turbulence and said
the essence of spirituality is self liberation. He also said that
a modern leader should be like a saint. Spirituality has to be master
of materialism and not servant. Earlier the Conference Director
and the Director of SMS Varanasi, Prof.
P. N. Jha welcomed the dignitaries and delegates
to SMS Varanasi. The organizing secretary
Mr. Sandeep Singh (Associate Prof.) gave the theme
The inaugural session was coordinated by Dr.
Meenakshi Singh while the Vote of Thanks was presented
by the Honorary Director of the Centre for Spiritualism and Human
Enrichment, SMS, Varanasi, Prof. K.
Later specialties like Shiv Tandav, Sama veda recitals, peace meditation
were also held. A souvenir has also been published covering more
than 200 paper abstracts which are being presented in the Conference.
Corporate bodies and financial institutions like
Punjab National Bank, Union Bank of India, Kashi Gomti Samyut Gramin
Bank, Airtel, Hewlett Packard, Taj Estates, Jalan Group, Galaxy
Hospital, Career Launcher, IMS Learning Resources and Banaras Swarna
On the second day of the three-day International Conference,
Prof. S. C. Jain, Chairman - International
School for Jain Studies, said that we should try to develop a habit
of sharing surplus. He was speaking about the preachings of Lord
Mahavir and the Jain philosophy of non voilence. He said that for
organisations, profit is like oxygen but not the ultimate aim. We
should try to maximise good over bad, he added.
Prof. P. Krishna,
Secretary - Krishnamurty Foundation India, in his address emphasise
on the role of education in developing spirituality. He highlighted
the fact that the problem of the world is not the uneducated person,
it is only the highly educated persons who plan and develop the
policies for the organisation which everyone has to follow. It is
here, that everyone feels the impact, good or bad, of such kind
of policies applicable to the entire organisation. Hence, it is
necessary to educate more such educated people in terms of benefits
to one and all.
In yet another session, Prof. A.
N. Tripathi, Former Head, Malviya Centre for Human
Values, BHU, emphasised on the modern view of life which people
feet it generally relates to materialism rather than spiritual and
ethical issues. In today's scenario, we are witnessing a model of
mechanistic life which has dehumanised life which in turn has resulted
into irresponsible management of earth's resources. He further added
that one should take a holistic view of life which provides for
meaningful and responsible engagement with our life.
Prof. Rana P. B. Singh
from BHU disucssed the spiritual and cosmic landscape of Kashi.
In one of the plenary sessions, a peace meditation and an address
to the conference delegates was done by Sri
Sri Shuddhaanandaa Brahmachari, the world renowned
spiritual guru who talked about divinizing management. Swami
Satya Vedanta talked about the ancient wisdom and
its usefullness for the modern management while
Prof. Samani Charitra Prajna discussed about
the spiritual model for inclusive globalisation. Dr.
Subhash Durlabh Ji from USA talked about Engines
of Power while Prof. Amita Singh
talked about trouncing sustainable developement through inequity.
Prof. S. S. Khanka
(NIFM, Faridabad) talked about value based management for valuing
The Executive Director of the Centre for Living in Harmony (USA),
Ms. Brenda Roberts discussed the origins and mechanism
of peace as illustrated in the teachings of Sri Sri Paramahansa
Yoganandaji. The Techincal Sessions were chaired by Dr.
Zia Hasan (Vice President, Assessment Planning and
Information Services, Claflin University, USA), Prof. Amita Singh
(Centre for Law and Governance, JNU, New Delhi), Prof.
B. P. Singh (Chairman, DSPSR, New Delhi), Prof.
A. K. Mishra (Head of the Management Department,
Mizoram Central University, Aizawl), Prof.
Chhote Lal (Former Head & Dean, FMS, BHU) and Prof.
J. P. Mishra (Dean-Academics, SMS Varanasi).
Filmmaker & Director Mr. Mahesh
Bhatt, Ms. Pooja Bhatt along with Playback singer
Ms. Sanjeevani were along present in last Session
of the day. Mr. Mahesh Bhatt emphasized upon the living up the life
to its fullest and critsized the belief of re-birth.
Ms. Sanjeevani thrilled the ambience by singing the Bhajans of
Meera Bai. Ms. Pooja Bhatt also commented and showcaased her belief
in divine effect of Kashi City.
The plenary and technical sessions were coordinated by
Dr. Meenakshi A. Singh, Ms. Indrani Sengupta, Mrs. Anjana Harish,
Dr. Ravi Shekhar Vishal, Mr. Shubhagata Roy and Mr. Amit Kishore
Sinha. Over 250 delegates were present at SMS Campus
on the second day of the International Conference. Later in the
evening, a special session was also organised where noted film personality
interacted with the delegates on various aspects of the conference
the last day of the three-day International Conference, Prof.
P. Nag, Vice Chancellor, Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth,
Varanasi and the Chief Guest of the Valedictory Session said if
more is the crisis, more management is needed. In this context,
we need to understand the problems (crises) in a wider perspective.
We have to find the newer challenges which would emerged as a result
of spirituality and management running together to solve various
such problems related to the human mankind.
In his presidential address, Prof.
Vagish Shastri (Vakyoga Chetana Peetham, Varanasi)
exhorted the gathering of more than 400 delegates and guests, said
that life is based on the four pillars - body, mind, wisdom and
soul. Body needs food, mind needs desires, wisdom needs ethics and
morality and sould needs freedom. We have to ensure that we are
able to maintain the right balance between all the four life pillars.
He also exhorted the audience to do away with jealousy, fear, anger
and greed. We have to churn life to get energy as we have to churn
the milk to get butter. Ethical education should commenced from
the early childhood days but on the contrary our schools are shying
away from sanskrit language which holds all such necessities of
life in its fold, he added. He also cited certain illustrations
from the Bhagvat Gita which talks about the life duality - day and
night, love and hate and happines and sorrow.
four concurrent technical sessions were conducted in which more
than 100 research papers were presented. The last Plenary Session
of the day witnessed deliberations by Mr.
Janardan Jee (Principal Scientist, ICAR), Ms.
Brenda Roberts (Executive Director, The Center for
Living in Harmony, USA), the Gandhi Peace Prize Winner, Patrick
McCullam and Acharya
Raganugandha (Development Director for Children
of the Earth at the United Nations). The post graduate students
of SMS also presented their papers in a separate technical session.
The Valedictory Session
was coordinated by Dr. Meenakshi Singh
while the Vote of Thanks was presented by Organising Secretary,
Mr. Sandeep Singh.
The Executive Secretary, Dr. M. P.
Singh, The Director Prof. P. N. Jha, and
The Registrar of SMS Varanasi, Mr. Sanjay Gupta
felicitated the guests by honouring them with a shawl and memento.
On this occasion all the delegates, conference guests, high profile
corporate and academic dignatories, staff and students of SMS, Varanasi
were also present.
Parliamentarian Shri Mohan Singh, also a member of the Governing
Council of School of Management Sciences (SMS), Varanasi, who was
present in the two-day National Conference on "Spirituality
and Ethics in Management" organised under the aegis of the
Centre for Spiritualism and Human Enrichment (C-SHE) of SMS, said
that identification and recognition of 'self' is the biggest characteristic
of spirituality. Those who shun the concept of "I" move
closer to the spiritual world. Commenting on Ethics, he said that
knowledge and education about ethics is important before practice.
The Guests of Honour present at this occasion included BHU Rector
Prof B. D. Singh and Maulana Khursheed Anwar, Mufti (Principal)
of Mazharul- Uloom, Varanasi who also aired their views regarding
the very substance of ethics and spirituality and connected it to
the business and management world.
Chief Guest of the Valedictory Session, Prof. P. K. Mukhopadhyay
(Former Head of the Department of Philosophy, Jadavpur University)
in his address to the delegates said that all cultures today seek
development through knowledge acquisition. And this knowledge should
help us revisit various dimensions of Spirituality in order to help
the mankind grow and blossom. Gone are the days of specialization
because that divides society. We all should try to examine the distinct
discipline of Business Ethics and the C-SHE of SMS should take lead
in this, exclaimed Prof. Mukhopadhyay.
added, one can never practice ethics if devoid of wisdom. Prof.
A. N. Tripathi (Former Head, Malviya Centre for Human Values, BHU)
said organizations are social constructs and they should fulfill
obligations of the society. Organisational goals should not be narrowly
defined. Ethics and Spirituality get combined to give Human Values,
he added. Where the domain of Law ends, domain of ethics starts,
said Prof. Tripathi.
Mr. V. Narayanan explained the teachings of Aurobindo and correlated
them to the management world. Mr. Adhokshaja Das (ISKCON) quoted
lessons from 'Prabhupada' and 'Gita'. He said, 'Life is a question
and no body can answer it, Death is an answer and no body can question
it!' Prof. Pramod Pathak (Former Head of Department of Management
Studies, ISM-Dhanbad and noted spiritual columnist) propounded a
new concept of 'Socially Useful Spiritual Work' (SUSW) while deliberating
on one of the Conference themes. He said there is no alternative
to 'work is worship' which will be always relevant in any context.
Spirituality is like 'Shabari' (of Ramayan fame), giving good things
to others, keeping not so good ones for ourselves! Prof. A. K. Agrawal
(FMS-BHU) opined that spirituality is the search for the purpose
of life through citation of various instances from our texts and
scriptures. Mr. R. Gidwani (US Vitamins, Mumbai) discussed the contradictions
between management and spirituality and said that individuals with
spiritual potential perform better. Mr. Vinod Arora (IIM-Lucknow)
cited examples of Prophet Mohammad and Guru Nanakji in ethos and
empathy. He highlighted the importance of 'Karma'.
Mr V. N. Rai (Ex MD-KRIBHCO) said we should maintain neutrality
in life. World is a model of cooperation and not competition, as
depicted by the Western Management philosophy. Prof. Veer Bhadra
Mishra (Sankat Mohan Foundation-Varanasi) said that today also Varanasi
has been able to maintain its traditional culture but cities like
Cairo and Athens could not, all due to the values and spirituality
which people practice here! Everything today needs integration with
culture for betterment of human lives, he added. Prof. K. D. Tripathi
(Hony. Director, C-SHE, SMS) said that the current crisis is of
economicpolitical- social order and solution lies in our scriptures
of Vedas, Ramayan, Mahabharat, Buddist & Jain philosophies and
in Kautilya's Arthshastra. Arthashastra has shown the coexistence
of public as well as private enterprises, claimed the speaker. Others
who also opined included Dr. S. C. Saxena, Prof. Manodip Roy Choudhari
and Dr. Ramshwar Dubey.
More than 70 research papers were presented in the parallel sessions
at different lecture theatres spread across SMS campus. Over 200
participants from India and abroad attended the conference. The
Vote-of -thanks was given by the Convener, Mr. Sandeep Singh. All
dignitaries and most of the Speakers apart from faculty members
of SMS, the Executive Secretary Dr. M. P. Singh and the Director
Prof. P. N. Jha were present till the Conference got over on Sunday
late evening. According to the C-SHE, SMS, after the great success
of this two-day Conference, foundations have been laid for an International
Congress on relevant and selected themes any time next year at SMS.
In the Indian tradition the spiritual value is given supreme importance.
But while trying to understand the Indian concept of spirituality,
it should be borne in mind that the spiritual value, as projected
by seers, is integral and holistic, incorporating within itself
the material, moral and cultural values. The holistic meaning of
spirituality is prevalent right from the Vedic-Upanishadic time;
in the modern age Sri Aurobindo is the champion protagonist of the
all-inclusive and all-assimilative character of the spiritual consciousness.
The spiritual should not be understood in isolation from the material
and socio-cultural life. However, there is also a misconception
of spirituality, according to which the spiritual value is opposed
to the material one. The spiritual way is understood as the negation
of worldly life, even as the rejection of the social involvement.
According to the Samkhya tradition, Purusa ( the self or the spirit
– the principle of consciousness) and Prakriti (the principle
of matter including the body) are the two ultimate principles of
creation. The world is a manifestation of Prakrti, and the worldly
life is Prakriti’s creation. Samkhya maintains that there
is dichotomy or opposition between Purusha (consciousness or self)
and Prakrti (Matter), that the self is bound by Prakrti which is
the root cause of impurity and suffering, and that the self has
to disassociate itself from Prakriti and from the worldly life (which
is the evolution of Prakriti) in order to become pure and free.
The way of life that follows from this metaphysical position, is
that of renunciation (Nivritti or Sannyasa) and the rejection of
the worldly life (Pravrtti). The Samkhya tradition equates spirituality
with Nivrtti as against Pravrtti.
the Samkhya tradition, although very powerful, cannot be said to
be ‘the’ Indian tradition. The Samkhya system is perhaps
the oldest and the first (but one-sided) and to the material values
(Artha and Kama). The Tantra (Agama) which is complementary to the
Veda and which is taken to be an extension of the Veda, goes a step
ahead pointing out that Matter is the free manifestation of the
Spirit, that the material value is not dichotomous to the spiritual
one, and that it is the ego and selfishness and not the world (Prakrti)
that is bondage. Moreover, Tantra points out the way to spiritualize
the very material life itself. The Puranas, the Ramayana and the
Mahabharata too present an integral view of life; they do not project
spirituality as a negation of the material life. The Bhagavtgita
(part of Mahabharata) abolishes the so-called dichotomy between
Nivrtti and Pravrtti, construing Samkhya (renunciation) as inner
calmness of mind and absence of attachment, and not as denial of
the world. The mundane life (including the worldly duties), itself
becomes spiritual, if followed the Gita way. The point is that the
Samkhya tradition is not the main Indian trend, it (Samkhya) is
only a side current. The Samkhya philosophy may be assessed as a
factor for counter-balancing the extreme type of hedonistic and
consumeristic attitude. Moreover, the life of negation may be a
prelude to, or preparation for the holistic or integral life. But
negation is not the truth. The main Indian tradition does not favour
purity would really mean freedom from these mental impurities, and
not rejection of material life.It should also be made clear that
for the practice of value it is not necessary to have metaphysical
(ontological) presupposition about the spirit (the self) –
neither for the practice of morality, nor for the spirituality.
One can practice morality, for example, even without believing in
the higher Self (the higher spirit) or God. God, soul, rebirth,
and law of Karma may be quite real, and faith in such realities
may be quite helpful in practicing morality, but acceptance of these
realities is not obligatory for practice. What is true in the case
of morality is also true in the case of spirituality. One can practice
the spiritual values just with phenomenal and limited self, present
in the body, even without accepting any extraordinary metaphysical
status of the existing self. It may be quite true that there is
God or the Higher Self whose very nature is pure, and belief in
the existence of higher Spirit may be of great help in the spiritual
practice, but the practice of spirituality is independent of any
metaphysical assumption. The Sramana tradition (Budhism and Jaininsm)
presents good example of this. The Budhist and the Jaina way of
life is highly spiritual and yet there is no belief in God there.
In the Brahmana (Vedic) tradition too, half of the philosophical
schools (Vaisesika, Samkhya and Mimamsa) do not believe in God and
yet they present a moral and spiritual way of life to follow, although
the definition of morality and spirituality differs from school
to school. However, faith in God or the Higher Self strengthens
the moral and spiritual attitude, and facilitates the ethico-spiritual
living. So, faith in the metaphysical spiritual reality is also
a value – a supplementary value.