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Purushartha JournalAbstract of Published Papers in Purshartha Journal
Purushartha and Householder Model: A Solution for Ethical Dilemmas of Business Managers
Sandeep Singh

Business managers face different types of ethical dilemmas that basically arises out from the duality of matter and spirit. Matter forces the managers to pursue materialistic actions and spirit makes them realize that there is something more to human life than the materialistic things. This paper is an attempt to provide the solution through the ancient Indian concept of Purushartha and householder for the ethical dilemmas of business managers which is basically the result of improper understanding of both matter and spirit. These concepts show that far from needing to withdraw from the material world, the world of business can be part of a spiritual path and can lead to enlightenment.
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Why Business Ethics?
Sandeep Singh, Mohd. Zohair & Mohd. Wamique Hisam

This article examines the need of ethics in business and how the field of business ethics can contribute to the business so that businesses can avoid future disasters which can arise from their unethical behaviors. It also discusses whether the business ethics gives to business a special ethical status, different from that that of others.
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Leadership: Reflections from Sri Ramcharitamanasa and its Relevance for Corporate Managers



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Nature and Characteristics of Marwari’s Business: A Brief History from 16th to Early 20th Century
Ajai Singhal & Mohd. Wamique Hisam

Arguably no community in India is more famous for business success and acumen than the marwari community. Marwaris and business have almost become synonymous in India. This community in present times has spread their business pursuits throughout the world and many of the biggest Industrial houses in India are being run by marwaris. This paper focusses on their early history from 16th century to early 20th century, the nature of businesses they undertook, the structure of their business organizations, the reasons for their success and the characteristic features of their business. This paper also covers the information about some of the prominent marwaris and the marwari business organizations upto the early 20th century.
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Spiritual Values for Business Leaders
Kamlakar Mishra & Sandeep Singh

Modern businesses are changing and so are the values. This article aims at highlighting the significance of spiritual values for the business leaders in taking the modern organizations to a higher level of evolution and contributing towards the holistic development of not only the business organizations but the world society as a whole.
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Campus Design Model of Indian Management
H.M.Jha “Bidyarthi”, P.V.Bokad & Swami Tanmayananda

The present paper is a descriptive study of value-oriented programmes in a technical institution, its participation, its penetration in the respondents' value system, and its role in value orientation and character building with which the prospective engineering and management executives of this institution enter the real world life. A shrewd change in the value orientation is noticed categorically among the members of this institution due to, apparently, incessantly carrying out of a host of value oriented programmes here. This has thus evolved into a campus design model of institution building.
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Evidences of Trade in Ancient India
Satyendra P.Singh & Rishi Raman Singh

Ancient Indian Literature is full of knowledge which not merely related to spirituality rather it has vivid reflections of Economy and Business practices prevailing during that time not only internally, externally as well. From that vast source of knowledge it has been attempted to find out some trade destinations and route mentioned over there. Particularly to know the reach of Indians across the globe as traders. Indians were considered as sea route masters during that time because of their knowledge of routes and shipping.
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Values in Education: A Management Education Perspective
Usha Tripathi & Amarendra P.Singh

At a time when India is seeking to bring about a significant shift in the system of education, there is a need to remind ourselves of the necessity and importance of a value-based education. The prevailing scheme of education is deficient on many counts. Some important deficiencies are: it caters largely to need of materials development ignoring the requirement of equally important- moral, spiritual, emotional and aesthetic aspects of life. It relies mostly on instruction by lecturers. Its examination system encourages notes and develops only memory rather than judgment and discrimination. Value is a wide concept and relates to different spheres of life. Teacher’s role is important in value education. But his traditional role will not be sufficient in this regard. He has to inspire and encourage the student in a way that he himself tries to understand and absorb the different values he needs. He has to present himself as a true role model to the students and society.
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The Foundations of Indian Currency System and the Institutions of an Imperialist System of Exploitation
Amit Kr. Giri

Until the coming of the British in India, the Indian economy lacked a unified currency standard. The country was divided into smaller kingdoms and territories and each territory had their own currency standard of different fineness. Multiplicity of coins in circulation posed a serious problem for the East India Company to further their imperialist interest in India. This article highlights the important developments which occurred in unification of different standards of currencies in vogue in different provinces of the then India. The next subsequent sections deal with the introduction of monometallic silver standards in India and integration of the economy of India with the rest of the world. The severe depreciation of silver led to the erosion in value of India’s currency in the nineteenth century and the whole world gained at the cost of India. Finally, the paper describes the plunder and exploitation of India’s resources even after the introduction of gold standard in India and the pauperized and amputated India’s economy on the eve of India’s independence.
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Perception of Values: A Study of Future Professionals
Rohit Singh, Usha Tripathi & Ajay K. Yadav

The person or an individual not only lives in a world of values but also is able to create values from a personal perspective through constant learning or acquisition from others. In fact, a person not only has the ability to perceive values as the basis of interactions among people as members of a group, society, or culture but also is able to contribute to the world of values from an original point of view. Values have been defined narrowly in terms of object attractiveness and broadly as abstract principles guiding social life. They are principles for action encompassing abstract goals in life and modes of conduct that an individual prefers across different situations. Certain variables are valued because they are fundamental characteristics or needs to make a better society and facilitate to differentiate between desirable and desired, delectable and electable, short term and long term, and pleasant and good. Values develop in early years. The lifelong behavioural pattern, attitude and perception of individuals are guided and directed by these values. They are most often reinforced by society, since sources of values are national culture, family, teachers, friends and other environmental factors. This article is an attempt to understand the perception of students, who happen to be future professionals, about existing values and the values they think ought to be present in society.
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