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Purushartha Journal
Virtues of Wise Leaders: Message from Bhagavad Gita

Amit Kishore Sinha, Senior Lecturer, School of Management Sciences, Varanasi
Sandeep Singh, Associate Professor, School of Management Sciences, Varanasi

Bhagavad Gita literally means 'The Lord's Song', i.e., the philosophical discourse of Lord Krishna to persuade the reluctant Arjuna to fight. It is the most popular and sacred book of the Hindus and is contained in the Bhishma-Parva of the Mahabharta, one of the greatest Sanskrit epic. In verse 16.1, 2, and 3 twenty six virtues of wise people have been mentioned. In this paper, reasoning is given that in case leaders develop these virtues, in all probability, leaders would be able to perform their leadership role wisely and excellently.

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Ethical Business Practices in Islam

Mohammad Ali Bait Ali Sulaiman, Assistant Professor, Salalah College of Technology, Salalah, Oman
Mohammed Wamique Hisam, Lecturer, Dhofar University, Salalah, Oman
Shouvik Sanyal, Assistant Professor, Dhofar University, Salalah, Oman

There are two primary sources of normative Islamic teachings. The first and most important source is the Qur'an [commonly misspelled Koran]. Muslims accept (believe is the suitable word here) the Qur'an as the verbatim word of Allah, revealed to Prophet Muhammad [PUBH] over a period of 23 years [610-632 C.E.] and dictated word-for-word by Archangel Gabriel. The second primary source is called “Sunnah” or “Hadeeth”, which means the words, actions and approvals of Prophet Muhammad (PUBH). This study focuses mainly on widely accepted principles and norms relating to business ethics as stipulated in the two primary sources of Islam.

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Leadership in Classical Wisdom
Sunit Kumar Mishra, Senior Lecturer, School of Management Sciences, Varanasi
Rohit Mehta, Lecturer, School of Management Sciences, Varanasi

Leadership position provides opportunity to people to do better things but leaders driven by the lower self very often find the position as an opportunity to do something which is in their own self-interest and this self-interest motivates them to indulge in unethical behaviour. This paper highlights the characteristics of unethical leaders and provides insights from classical wisdom for avoiding unethical behavior in leadership position.

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Ancient Indian Ethos and Mindfulness
Sandeep Singh, Associate Professor, School of Management Sciences, Varanasi

Ancient Indian ethos emphasize that all the efforts of human life should be directed towards practical realization of the ultimate truth or reality which could be realized by merging the individual consciousness with the universal consciousness. Contemporary understanding of Mindfulness is awareness and open and receptive attention toward whatever is happening at present moment internally and externally This paper is an attempt to enrich the concept of mindfulness through ancient Indian ethos.
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Self-Management, Purgation of Brain and Strengthening of Soul with Cosmic Energy & Spirituality
B. Bali, Director General, Bora Institute of Management Sciences, Lucknow
Pooja, Research Scholar, L N Mithila University, Darbhanga

As and when, the battery of our mobile-set or of the car is weakened out because of rigorous use or lapse of a considerable period of time; we are used to get it immediately, recharged by putting the same in contact with electrical power. Under this process, it is the electrical power which provides new energy, new strength, new spirit and new force of life to the batteries enabling them to function a few days more. Alas! We have no time, to divert our attention and the thought-waves towards the horribly weakened condition of our own 'soul', which has gone out of race, long back, because of the complete loss of its vital force? What a surprising condition of today's human awareness, is this?

The men, in majority, are concerned only with the health of their physical-body and earning of maximum wealth for the livelihood of their family members. But this, scientifically and technologically highly, developed period, reveals only half of the story of a 'complete man'.
The second part of humanity i.e. the quality of delving into the most mysterious depths in the field of philosophy, spirituality, enlightening of soul, broadening of their vision, strengthening of the power of perception is still pending for search, discovery and unfolding of the untold part of story of the complete man.
One cannot have a good life without proper inner management. And for managing our interior two things are essential a peaceful mind and soul. This paper concerned with primarily on self-management .It also explained the attributes of a mind, cosmic energy and lastly how to strengthen the soul with cosmic energy and spirituality. An attempt has been made, here; to precisely know as to what, as a human-being, we are 'today' and what is the scope/possibility of becoming us, 'tomorrow'.

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An Interface between VEDANTA and Management- an Empirical Analysis
B .Chandra Mohan Patnaik, Associate Professor, Management, School of Management -KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Ipseeta Satpathy, Professor, Management, School of Management -KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

The present paper is an attempt to understand whether there is any interface between VEDANTA and management. For the purpose of the study 14 variables are identified after making a pilot study. In overall 514 questionnaires were distributed in private and government sector corporate units, of which 278 responses received. However, keeping the objective of the study only 142 responses were included, those who are the followers of VEDANTA. These include 79 from private sector employees and 63 from government sector employees. The private sector respondents include 41 male and 38 female. Similarly in case of government sector 27 female employees and rest are male. The study found that almost all the respondents feel that VEDANTA helps to a great extent in discharging good management practices at the work places.
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Leadership and Management through Self Exploration: An Inner Awakening
Ajay Bhushan Prasad, Associate Professor (HR Management), G L Bajaj Group of Institutions, Mathura

Learn about yourself and explore your strengths and weaknesses by surveying your VIPS (Values, Interests, Personality, Skills). When you know your VIPS, you make more informed choices about life/careers. Knowing yourself is the key to a higher understanding of yourself, and the universe. It can also lead you on a path to spiritual development; if that is what you are looking for. Many people go through life putting on masks. That phony smile, or having to pretend to like people, or someone in particular, like your boss, or mother- in law.
By repeatedly having to cover up your true feelings (emotions) throughout your lifetime you are shoving down your emotions -hiding them. By so doing you can lose who you really are and might take on other people feelings as your own because you have stripped away parts of your inner self. It's not just with being false about liking people, places, and things to please others, but by just the process of having to conform to a particular religion, or belief in something full heartedly that you question; but aren't allowed to voice your opinion without receiving the black sheep medal! By closing yourself up and putting on a mask all day, everyday causes many problems for people, failing to stand up and be their true self.
What kind of problems can arise? A whole host of problems, with health, and judgments that we will make because we failed to be true to yourself. For one thing our solar plexus chakra will be affected, which can lead to health difficulties in that area, in particular that relate to that chakra point for balance of energies, and wellness of body and mind. How well do we really know ourselves? Addressing this question and exploring the self would be the prime objective of this paper. Many of us are not happy with the current state of functioning as an individual, but how many of us have really taken that extra step to improve this situation. In this paper we will discuss the need, content, self-exploration processes for problem solving for leaders, listening to one's inner voice, and experimental validation of self-exploration.
This paper will help readers develop a better understanding of themselves by working on their strength and weaknesses. And by this way only leadership and management practices can be improved.

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Learnings from Sundar Kand of Ramcharit Manas and its Application in our Lives
Amit Kishore Sinha, Senior Lecturer, School of Management Sciences, Varanasi

This research paper is an effort to extract learnings from Sundar Kand (fifth chapter in sequence and most adorable chapter of 'Ramcharit Manas' written by Goswami Tulsidas) to understand its importance for day to day life of human beings. During the analysis of the said chapter it is found that there are several stanzas (choupaiyas and dohas) which are either directly or indirectly suggesting certain specific type of habits and practices to be followed by all as a part of main story of Shri Ram.

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Holistic Living in Globalized World: An Indian Perspective
Renu Sharma, Associate Professor, Dept of Psychology, The M. S. University of Baroda, Vadodara

Globalization is a multidimensional phenomenon. The process is irreversible and we have to live through it. It does have several advantages, but at the same time it impacts individual's personal life, social relationships and world's ecosystem adversely. These challenges can be met through adopting tenets of holistic life prescribed in traditional Indian culture. In contrast to Western linear world view, the relational worldview in Indian culture sees life through harmonious relationships where healthy living is achieved by maintaining balance between the many interrelating factors in one's circle of life. The relational worldview model for holistic living can best be represented through three major factors that together must come into balance. These factors represent mind-body-spirit and their positive relationship with society and nature. Besides internal harmony in mind-bodyspirit, ancient literature verbalizes of relational harmony with the ecology and society. It emphasizes on an understanding of the intrinsic interdependence of all beings. Social harmony in accordance with the percepts of dharma and karma are considered essential for a healthy and peaceful life journey towards self-realization. Every individual is considered as a biologically, psychologically and spiritually part of nature's nonpolluting, intelligent ways. The nature itself is a living system, and the psyche and body exists within this larger system. The paper presents Indian tradition of holistic living that has time tested concepts for the all-round development of an individual with proper balance of the importance of self, the society and the nature. The concepts have survived since the vedic period because of their sheer practicality. They are still valid and in fact, more relevant in today's complexities of day-to-day life.

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Attitude of Male Adolescents towards Family Occupation of Farming: Management Perspective for Indian Policy makers
Rekha Singh, Research Scholar, Department of Home Science, MMV, Banaras Hindu University
Kalpna Gupta, Professor, Department of Home Science, MMV, Banaras Hindu University

Future of Indian agriculture depends largely on the occupational choice of male adolescents belonging to farming families. It is observable that constraints in farming are on the increase and these constraints could lead male adolescents to opt for other occupation for living. This study is conducted to find out the attitude of male adolescents towards their family farming occupation as attitude is a strong indicator to predict whether they are going to remain in farming occupation or would opt out from it. Further, on the basis of the findings, this study discusses the management issues which need immediate attention for policy makers of India.

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